Sat. Jul 20th, 2024

Egypt announced on Tuesday that it will host a conference for Sudanese civil political forces at the end of next June, in the presence of relevant regional and international partners.

The Egyptian move comes in light of a bloody war that has entered its second year in its southern neighbor, Sudan, between the army and the Rapid Support Forces, without Arab and international mediations succeeding in stopping it.

The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement, “Egypt will host at the end of next June a conference that includes all Sudanese civil political forces.”

She noted that the conference will be held “in the presence of relevant regional and international partners,” without providing further details about the participants.

She explained that the goal of the conference is “to reach a consensus between the various Sudanese civil political forces on ways to build comprehensive and lasting peace in Sudan, through a Sudanese/Sudanese national dialogue.”

The Foreign Ministry pointed out that the Egyptian invitation to host this conference “comes from a firm belief that the current conflict in Sudan is primarily a Sudanese issue.”

She stressed that “any future political process in Sudan should include all national actors on the Sudanese scene, and within the framework of respecting the principles of Sudan’s sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, non-interference in its internal affairs, and preserving the state and its institutions.”

Sudan’s stability is a “vital issue” for Egyptian national security. In addition to Sudan being a major source of Nile River water, on which Egyptian water security depends, it is also an important trading partner, and cooperation with it is necessary to control the long borders that the two countries share, according to observers.

The war in Sudan also led to the influx of large numbers of refugees into Egypt, which constitutes an economic and social burden.

Last February, the United Nations Office for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) announced that fighting between the army and the Rapid Support Forces in Sudan since April 15, 2023, had left 13,900 people dead.

About 8.1 million people also fled their homes in Sudan, including about 6.3 million who were displaced inside Sudan, and 1.8 million who fled outside the country, according to a statement by the UN office.

The war is still continuing in Sudan, without Saudi, American and African efforts succeeding in putting an end to the conflict, which has left difficult humanitarian conditions.

The World Bank allocates $700 million to support the Egyptian economy

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