Thu. Jul 18th, 2024

The Cairo agreement between the Libyan parties includes the issue of reproducing differences within the political conflict in Libya, where any dialogue produces a new series of differences that complicate the crisis.

The agreement that took place in Cairo between the President of the Presidential Council, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the President of the High Council of State is difficult to rely on to draw a clear scenario that guarantees consensus on all issues related to the constitution and the electoral law, as it referred all differences to the Technical Committee, which did not agree on a form that could ensure the balance of all forces within it, which delays any solution in light of the continued political stalemate.

Despite some positive aspects of the agreement, it opens a new door for a kind of disagreement over the formation of the technical committee that will consider amendments related to electoral laws, as the House of Representatives and the state and the political parties dominating the public scene will be present through their representatives, and the outstanding issues between them will play a key role in the formation process or even in the formulation of dialogues within it, as the complex scene of the details of the Libyan differences requires a clearer roadmap and political decisions to implement any understandings, which prompted the head of the United Nations mission For support in Libya, Abdallah Batele and the Russian ambassador in Tripoli, Haidar Aganin, to make a joint appeal to Libyan leaders in which they stressed the crucial importance of holding elections.

Interest in the Cairo agreements sponsored by the Arab League was demonstrated by the statements of Batelli, who revealed that his meeting with Ambassador Aghanin dealt with the political and security situation, the need for credible elections, and the need to mitigate the serious risks facing the political process.

Later, Batelli confirmed that the President of the Presidential Council, Mohamed Al-Menfi, briefed him on the results of the meeting held in Cairo in his presence with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Aguila Saleh, and the President of the State Council, Mohamed Tekala, under the auspices of the League of Arab States, and indicated that the meeting, which took place in the capital, Tripoli, dealt with the official statement issued by the Cairo meeting, and agreed with the exile to follow up the results of this meeting.

The initial reading in the context of the Cairo meetings and the political handling in general of the Libyan crisis indicates that there is a set of factors that make the Cairo meetings part of the crisis, as the issue here is not related to the two communities’ emphasis on the unity and sovereignty of Libyan territory, or the rejection of external interventions, as these headlines are additional details and ultimately reach the points of disagreement that currently exist, as the media image on which the agreement appeared is difficult to translate into a political process that can disengage the political engagement, and if the main matter Importantly, since the Cairo meetings took place under the roof of the Arab League, the additional approach here is linked between the League as a regional organization and international interests that not only obfuscate such an agreement but also seek to deal with its details and influence it.

Within this aspect related to the League, the invitation of its Secretary Ahmed Aboul Gheit to prominent Libyan figures conveys an attempt to deal regionally with the crisis, and also illustrates the extent of concern about tensions in North Africa, which are not limited to Libya but also affect Sudan, and the League is supposed to work to represent all Arab roles, but this does not exist within the difference in Arab positions, and this is evident in the final statement, which talked about general titles that can be summarized in the following points:

  • Unified government: The participants unanimously agreed on the need to form a unified government, whose primary responsibility will be to supervise the electoral process and provide basic services to citizens, and this is a media image that is often repeated in the statements issued by these meetings.
  • Sovereign positions: The statement touched on the importance of unifying sovereign positions inside Libya, and this merger aims to activate their roles at the national level, and sovereign positions do not represent Libyan interests only, but are also manifestations of regional and international interests on the Libyan political map.
  • The technical committee that the attendees agreed to form, and will within a specific time frame review the appropriate amendments, and its goal is to expand the base of consensus, and work on what was achieved by the joint committee (6 + 6) consisting of representatives of the House of Representatives and the State, and it is noted here that the meeting added a new committee to the complexities of the political solution, and carried all points of disagreement, including the differences resulting from the implementation of what the 6 + 6 Committee has done.

The optimism carried by the Cairo meetings is primarily media, as the only bright spot is the regional movement that needs Arab-African public political cover to pressure external countries that deal with the existing conflict, as Libya’s path towards elections goes beyond the local event because it is linked to different balances, and conflicts erupting in the vicinity of the Libyan geography as well, as the formation of a political path is a new Arab and African strategy to deal with the first steps in a long scenario that brings Libyans together.

Written by Nidal Al-Khedary


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